Nowadays, viral infections are one of the greatest challenges for medical sciences and human society. While antiviral compounds and chemical inactivation remain inadequate, physical approaches based on irradiation provide new potentials for prevention and treatment of viral infections, without the risk of drug resistance and other unwanted side effects. Light across the electromagnetic spectrum can inactivate the virions using ionizing and non-ionizing radiations. This review highlights the anti-viral utility of radiant methods from the aspects of ionizing radiation, including high energy ultraviolet, gamma ray, X-ray, and neutron, and non-ionizing photo-inactivation, including lasers and blue light.
Scintillators are of significance for the realization of indirect X-ray detection and X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) imaging. However, commercial bulk scintillators not only require complex fabrication procedures, but also exhibit non-tunable XEOL wavelength and poor device processability. Moreover, thick crystals usually generate light scattering followed by evident signal crosstalk in a photodiode array. Lanthanide doped fluoride nanoscintillators (NSs) prepared with low-temperature wet-chemical method possess several advantages, such as low toxicity, cheap fabrication cost, convenient device processability and adjustable emission wavelengths from ultraviolet to visible and extending to second near infrared window. In addition, they exhibit X-ray excited long persistent luminescence (XEPL) making them suitable for broadening the scope of their applications. This review discusses and summarizes the XEOL and XEPL characteristics of lanthanide doped fluoride NSs. We discuss design strategies and nanostructures that allow manipulation of excitation dynamics in a core–shell geometry to simultaneously produce XEOL, XEPL, as well as pho ton upconversion and downshifting, enabling emission at multiple wavelengths with a varying time scale profile. The review ends with a discussion of the existing challenges for advancing this field, and presents our subjective insight into areas of further multidisciplinary opportunities.
Aims and scope
eLight aims to attract the finest manuscripts, broadly covering all sub-fields of optics, photonics and electromagnetics. In particular, we focus on those emerging topics and cross-disciplinary researches related to optics.
Call for Papers
Women in Nano Optics
Submission deadline: August 31, 2022
Baohua Jia, Swinburne University
Laura Na Liu, University of Stuttgart
From EiC Prof. Aydogan Ozcan
"We look forward to working with optics and photonics community to make eLight among the first choices to publish the highest quality research results from all around the world, broadly covering all the exciting research and advances in light science and engineering."
From EiC Prof. Cheng-Wei Qiu
"For those who love the science of light, photonics, and optical materials, we wish to make eLight among the first few journal names flashing in your mind when you are about to submit your excellent and proud works. Let us grow and glow together, and with your paramount support, we could make it happen. "
Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Aydogan Ozcan
Dr. Aydogan Ozcan is the Chancellor’s Professor and the Volgenau Chair for Engineering Innovation at UCLA and an HHMI Professor with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, leading the Bio- and Nano-Photonics Laboratory at UCLA School of Engineering and is also the Associate Director of the California NanoSystems Institute. Dr. Ozcan is elected Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI) and holds >45 issued/granted patents and >20 pending patent applications and is also the author of one book and the co-author of >700 peer-reviewed publications in major scientific journals and conferences. Dr. Ozcan is the founder and a member of the Board of Directors of Lucendi Inc., Hana Diagnostics, Pictor Labs, as well as Holomic/Cellmic LLC, which was named a Technology Pioneer by The World Economic Forum in 2015. Dr. Ozcan is also a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the International Photonics Society (SPIE), the Optical Society of America (OSA), the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), the American Physical Society (APS) and the Guggenheim Foundation, and has received major awards including the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, International Commission for Optics Prize, Biophotonics Technology Innovator Award, Rahmi M. Koc Science Medal, International Photonics Society Early Career Achievement Award, Army Young Investigator Award, NSF CAREER Award, NIH Director’s New Innovator Award, Navy Young Investigator Award, IEEE Photonics Society Young Investigator Award and Distinguished Lecturer Award, National Geographic Emerging Explorer Award, National Academy of Engineering The Grainger Foundation Frontiers of Engineering Award and MIT’s TR35 Award for his seminal contributions to computational imaging, sensing and diagnostics.
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Cheng-Wei Qiu
Prof. Cheng-Wei Qiu received his B.Eng. (USTC) and Ph. D. (NUS) degree in 2003 and 2007, respectively. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow at Physics Department in MIT till the end of 2009. Since December 2009, he joined NUS as an Assistant Professor and was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in Jan 2017. From 1st Jan 2018, he was promoted to Dean’s Chair Professor in Faculty of Engineering, NUS. He was the recipient of the SUMMA Graduate Fellowship in Advanced Electromagnetics in 2005, IEEE AP-S Graduate Research Award in 2006, URSI Young Scientist Award in 2008, NUS Young Investigator Award in 2011, MIT TR35@Singapore Award in 2012, Young Scientist Award by Singapore National Academy of Science in 2013, Faculty Young Research Award in NUS 2013, SPIE Rising Researcher Award 2018, Young Engineering Research Award 2018 in NUS, and Fellow of The Electromagnetics Academy in US 2020. His research is known for the structured light for beam manipulation and nanoparticle manipulation. He has published over 300 peer-reviewed journal papers. He was Highly Cited Researchers 2019 by Web of Science. He has been serving in Associate Editor for various journals such as PhotoniX, Photonics Research, and Editor-in-Chief for eLight. He also serves in Editorial Advisory Board for Laser and Photonics Review, Advanced Optical Materials, and ACS Photonics.
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- ISSN: 2662-8643 (electronic)
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